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Demystifying the Balance Sheet: A Singaporean Perspective

Updated: Oct 9, 2023

29 September 2023

Editor: Enda Tarigan

Understanding the intricacies of a balance sheet is essential

In the bustling business landscape of Singapore, understanding financial statements is paramount for entrepreneurs, investors, and decision-makers alike. Among these financial documents, the balance sheet holds a special place. In this article, we'll delve into the intricacies of a balance sheet with a Singaporean perspective, drawing insights from the experts at, a reputable Singapore-based financial services provider.

What is a Balance Sheet?

A balance sheet is a financial statement that provides a snapshot of a company's financial health at a specific point in time. It's called a balance sheet because it demonstrates the fundamental accounting equation: Assets = Liabilities + Shareholders' Equity.

Understanding the Components

  • Assets - The assets section lists everything a company owns, both current and non-current. Current assets include cash, accounts receivable, and inventory, while non-current assets may encompass property, equipment, and long-term investments. This section provides insights into a company's liquidity and ability to cover short-term obligations.

  • Liabilities - On the other side of the equation, the liabilities section outlines a company's financial obligations. Current liabilities, such as accounts payable and short-term debt, represent obligations due within a year, while non-current liabilities encompass long-term debts and other commitments. This section helps assess a company's financial obligations.

  • Shareholders' Equity - Shareholders' equity represents the residual interest in the company's assets after deducting liabilities. It includes items like common stock, retained earnings, and additional paid-in capital. This section reflects the owners' stake in the company.

The Balance Sheet's Significance in Singapore

In the Singaporean business landscape, compliance with financial reporting standards is crucial. Businesses must adhere to the Singapore Financial Reporting Standards (SFRS), which are based on International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). These standards ensure consistency and transparency in financial reporting.

For companies operating in Singapore, a well-prepared balance sheet not only helps meet regulatory requirements but also serves as a valuable tool for:

  • Attracting Investors: A strong balance sheet demonstrates financial stability and may attract investors looking for opportunities in Singapore's thriving market.

  • Borrowing Capital: Lenders often assess a company's balance sheet to evaluate its creditworthiness when considering loan applications.

  • Strategic Decision-Making: Business leaders use balance sheets to make informed decisions about expansion, mergers, acquisitions, or divestitures.

  • Legal Compliance: Compliance with Singaporean regulatory authorities, such as the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA), is essential for businesses, and the balance sheet is a critical part of this compliance.


In Singapore's dynamic and competitive business environment, understanding the intricacies of a balance sheet is essential. It not only ensures regulatory compliance but also empowers businesses to make informed financial decisions.

With the guidance of experts like, navigating the financial landscape in Singapore becomes a more manageable and strategic endeavor. To stay ahead in this thriving economy, mastering the language of balance sheets is a fundamental step towards financial success.


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